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**Synchronous Speed**

When Alternating current (AC) is applied to the stator of a three phase motor, a rotating magnetic field is setup. This rotating magnetic field moves with a speed called synchronous speed. The Synchronous speed can be calculated as follows: 120 times the frequency (F), divided by the number of poles (P):

No. of Poles |
Synchronous Speed @ 50Hz |
Synchronous Speed @ 60Hz |

2 | 3000 | 3600 |

4 | 1500 | 1800 |

6 | 1000 | 1200 |

8 | 750 | 900 |

12 | 500 | 600 |

**Rated Speed**

The speed of operation of an AC motor when fully loaded at rated voltage is called the rated speed. It is usually given in RPM (Revolutions per minute) on an electric motor nameplate. The rated speed is the speed of the rotor.

**Slip**

The speed of the rotor magnetic field in an induction motor lags slightly behind the synchronous speed of the changing stator magnetic field. This difference in speed between rotor and stator fields is called slip and is measured in %.The slip of an AC motor is a key factor and is necessary to produce torque. The greater the load (torque), the greater slip. The formula for calculating motor slip is given by:

Note that rotor speed is the same as the rated speed of the AC motor as given on the motor nameplate